Job description

Set designers plan, prepare, design and lay out sets for movie, television and theatre productions. They study scripts and budgets to determine what kind of set is required, including location, floor plans and design elements such as props and furniture.

Set designers work with directors, actors and lighting and sound crew to coordinate set designs. These professionals are also required to create rough drafts and working drawings of sets as well as attend rehearsals and production meetings.


    • Plan, prepare and lay out sets for movie, television and theatre productions
    • Create and design rough drafts and working drawings of sets
    • Study scripts and budgets to determine set location, elements and floor plans
    • Work with directors, actors, and lighting and sound crew
    • Attend rehearsals and production meetings
    • Research architectural and stylistic elements suitable for the production
    • Choose props and furniture for set
    • Build and photograph scale models

Skills, qualities and knowledge

Physical stamina
Attention to detail
Artistic ability

Working hours and environment

Average working hours


Typical schedule

Full Time

Nights, weekends, holidays occasionally

Set designers work in both indoor and outdoor environments of movie, television and theatre sets. The job involves a lot of teamwork, planning and communicating ideas with members of staff such as directors, lighting and sound crew, art directors, costume designers, and makeup artists.

Some set designers spend time in an office, while others also travel a lot to attend meetings with theatres, or film/TV production companies.


Bottom 10%




Top 10%


Annual salary estimates are based on percentile wage data collected through the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey of US workers.

Qualifications and training

Education level


DVM / VMD degree

Study time


Set designers typically require a bachelor’s degree in set or stage design, or a related field such as architecture, fine art or graphic design.

Most training is provided on the job, though hiring managers prefer candidates who have previous work experience in a similar role (such as being part of a production team) or have participated in internships or apprenticeships with motion picture companies or theatres.

Joining particular groups such as the International Alliance of Theatrical and Stage Employees (IATSE) or the Set Decorators Society of America (SDSA) may also prove useful.

Job outlook

Projected growth
The projected growth rate of employment in the US from 2018 to 2028, based on data collected through the BLS Employment Projections (EP) programme. The national average growth rate for all professions is 5%.


No of new jobs
The number of jobs projected to become available in the US between 2018 and 2028, based on data collected through the BLS Employment Projections (EP) programme.


Automation risk


Career progression

Most set designers build up their portfolios, establish a range of contacts and increase their reputation throughout the industry before advancing to larger and more prestigious film, TV and theatre productions.